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2 Propanol, also known as isopropyl alcohol or rubbing alcohol, is a colorless, flammable chemical compound with the chemical formula C3H8O. It is a secondary alcohol, meaning that the hydroxyl group is attached to a carbon atom that is attached to two other carbon atoms.
2-Propanol is commonly used as a solvent, as a disinfectant, and as an antiseptic. It is often used to make personal care products such as lotions and cosmetics, as well as pharmaceuticals, detergents, and lacquers.
As a solvent, 2-propanol is effective in dissolving a wide range of substances including oils, gums, resins and waxes. It is also commonly used as a cleaning agent, especially in the manufacture of electronic and medical devices, due to its ability to remove oil and other contaminants without damaging delicate components.
When used as a disinfectant or disinfectant, 2-propanol is effective in killing a wide range of microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, and fungi. It is often used in hospitals, clinics and other healthcare settings
Facilities for surface and equipment disinfection.
2-Propanol has relatively low toxicity, but can be irritating to the skin and mucous membranes, especially with prolonged or repeated exposure. It is highly flammable and should be handled with care.
2 propanol structures
There are two common isomers of 2-propanol, also known as isopropyl alcohol. They are:
The straight-chain isomer with the chemical formula CH3CH2CH2OH, also known as 1-propanol. It is not 2-propanol.
The branched-chain isomer, also known as 2-propanol or isopropyl alcohol, has the chemical formula CH3CHOHCH3. Here are two common ways to draw its structure:
Both of these structures represent the same molecule, but the second structure is often used to emphasize the hydroxyl (-OH) group.
2 propanol formula
The chemical formula of 2-propanol (also known as isopropyl alcohol) is C3H8O.
2 propanol Density
The density of 2-propanol (also known as isopropyl alcohol) at room temperature (25°C or 77°F) is about 0.786 g/cm³ or 786 kg/m³. However, it is important to note that the concentration of 2-propanol can vary slightly depending on temperature and pressure.
2 propanol cas
The CAS number for 2-propanol is 67-63-0.
2 propanol uses
2-Propanol, also known as isopropyl alcohol, is a common solvent and disinfectant with many uses. Here are some of the most common uses:
Disinfectant: 2-Propanol is an effective disinfectant and is commonly used to sanitize surfaces and medical equipment.
Solvent: 2-Propanol is an excellent solvent for many substances including oils, resins and waxes. It is commonly used as a solvent in the manufacture of paints, coatings and inks.
Antiseptic: 2 Propanol is used as an antiseptic to clean and disinfect wounds, cuts and scrapes.
Cleaning Agent: 2 Propanol is used as a cleaning agent for electronic equipment, lenses and screens.
Fuel: 2-Propanol can be used as fuel in some fuel cells.
Deicing Agent: 2-Propanol is used as a deicing agent in the aviation industry to remove ice from aircraft wings.
Hand Sanitizers: 2-Propanol is used as an active ingredient in many hand sanitizers.
Personal Care Products: 2-Propanol is used as an ingredient in many personal care products such as lotions and shampoos.
Overall, 2-propanol is a versatile compound with many uses in various industries and applications.
2 propanol SDS (Safety Data Sheet)
Here is the Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for 2-propanol, also known as isopropyl alcohol:
Section 1: Identification
Product Name: 2-Propanol
Synonyms: isopropyl alcohol, IPA, sec-propyl alcohol
CAS Number: 67-63-0
EC number: 200-661-7
Suggested Uses: Solvents, Cleaning Agents, Disinfectants
Supplier: [insert supplier name, address and phone number]
Section 2: Hazard Identification
Flammable Liquids (Category 2)
Eye irritation (Category 2A)
Specific target organ toxicity – single exposure (Category 3)
Signal word: Danger
H225: Highly flammable liquid and vapor.
H319: Causes serious eye irritation.
H336: May cause drowsiness or dizziness.
P210: Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. – No smoking.
P233: Keep container tightly closed.
P240: Ground/bond holder and receiving equipment.
P241: Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/equipment.
P242: Use only non-sparking tools.
P264: Wash hands thoroughly after handling.
P280: Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P305+P351+P338: IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses if present and easy to do – continue washing.
P403+P235: Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.
P501: Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations.
Section 3: Essay / Information on Material.
Chemical Name: 2-Propanol (isopropyl alcohol)
CAS Number: 67-63-0
Section 4: First aid measures
Eye contact: Rinse carefully with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses if present and easy to do – continue washing. If eye irritation persists, seek medical advice.
Skin Contact: Wash skin thoroughly with soap and water. Seek medical advice if skin irritation occurs.
Inhalation: Remove to fresh air. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. If symptoms persist, consult a doctor.
Ingestion: Rinse mouth with water. Do not induce vomiting. Consult a doctor.
SECTION 5: FIRE FIGHTING SYSTEMS
Suitable extinguishing media: water spray, alcohol-resistant foam, dry chemical, or carbon dioxide.
Specific hazards arising from chemicals: Flammable liquids and vapors. Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Contact with water or strong acids may release flammable gases.
Special protective equipment and precautions for fire-fighters: Wear full protective clothing and self-contained breathing apparatus.
Section 6: Accidental release measures
Personal precautions: Wear personal protective equipment.
Environmental Precautions: Do not discharge into drains or rivers.
Methods for containment and cleaning up: Contain spill and absorb with inert material. Transfer to a suitable container for disposal.
Section 7: Handling and Storage
Handling: Avoid contact with skin, eyes and clothing. Use only in areas with good ventilation. Keep away from heat, sparks and flames.
Storage: Keep container tightly closed and in a cool, well-ventilated place. Keep away from heat, sparks and flames.
Section 8: Exposure controls / personal protection
2-propanol vs isopropanol
2 Propanol and isopropanol are two names for the same chemical compound, which has the molecular formula C3H8O and the structural formula CH3CH(OH)CH3. It is a colorless, flammable liquid with a strong odor and slightly bitter taste.
The name “2-propanol” indicates that the hydroxyl (-OH) group is attached to the second carbon atom of the molecule, while the name “isopropanol” refers to the fact that the molecule is a type of propanol branch structure.
Isopropanol is a more commonly used name for this chemical compound, especially in North America, while 2-propanol is more commonly used in Europe and Asia.
Both names are acceptable, and the two terms can be used interchangeably to refer to the same substance. Isopropanol/2-propanol is widely used as a solvent, disinfectant and antifreeze and is commonly found in rubbing alcohol, hand sanitizers and household cleaning products.
2 propanol molar mass
The molar mass of 2-propanol, also known as isopropyl alcohol, is about 60.1 grams per mole (g/mol).
2 propanol molecular weight
2-Propanol (also known as isopropyl alcohol or IPA) has a molecular weight of about 60.1 g/mol.
It can be calculated by adding the atomic weights of the elements to its chemical formula, which is C3H8O:
Carbon (C): 3 atoms x 12.01 g/mol = 36.03 g/mol
Hydrogen (H): 8 atoms x 1.01 g/mol = 8.08 g/mol
Oxygen (O): 1 atom x 16.00 g/mol = 16.00 g/mol
Total molecular weight = 36.03 g/mol + 8.08 g/mol + 16.00 g/mol = 60.1 g/mol.
2- propanol vs 1- propanol
2-Propanol and 1-Propanol are two different types of alcohols that have similar chemical structures but differ in the position of the hydroxyl (-OH) group in the carbon chain.
1-Propanol, also known as n-propanol or propan-1-ol, has a hydroxyl group attached to the first carbon atom of the propane molecule. Its molecular formula is C3H8O and it is a primary alcohol.
2 Propanol, also known as isopropanol or propan-2-ol, has a hydroxyl group attached to the second carbon atom of the propane molecule. Its molecular formula is C3H8O and it is a secondary alcohol.
The physical and chemical properties of 1-propanol and 2-propanol differ due to their different molecular structures. For example, 2-propanol has a lower boiling point than 1-propanol, which makes it more volatile and evaporates faster. 2-Propanol is increasingly used as a solvent and disinfectant due to its strong ability to dissolve substances and greater antimicrobial activity.
In summary, both 1-propanol and 2-propanol are alcohols with similar chemical formulas, with distinct physical and chemical properties as a result of their different positions of the hydroxyl group in the carbon chain.
2 propanol condensed structural formula
The condensed structural formula of 2-propanol, also known as isopropyl alcohol, is:
This formula shows the arrangement of atoms in molecules, with carbon atoms represented by the symbol “C” and hydrogen atoms by “H”. The “OH” group represents the hydroxyl group, which is characteristic of alcohols.
2-Methyl-2-propanol, also known as tert-butyl alcohol or T-butanol, is a colorless, flammable liquid with a camphor-like odor. Its molecular formula is C4H10O and molar mass is 74.12 g/mol.
It is commonly used as a solvent for various organic compounds, as well as in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, perfumes and other chemicals. It can also be used as a fuel additive or as an ingredient in paints and coatings.
Like other alcohols, it can be used as a disinfectant, but is less effective than isopropyl alcohol or ethanol due to its higher boiling point and slower evaporation rate. It is important to handle 2-methyl-2-propanol with care, as it is flammable and can be harmful if ingested or inhaled in large quantities.
2-Propanol is also known as rubbing alcohol, propan-2-ol (IUPAC name), isopropyl alcohol, IPA, propyl alcohol, sec-propyl alcohol, S-propanol, IPOH, i-PROH, dimethyl carbinol, and isopropanol .
2 propanol safety
2 Propanol, also known as isopropyl alcohol, is a common solvent used in many industries, including pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, and cleaning products. It can be dangerous if not used properly, so it is important to take safety precautions when handling it.
Here are some safety tips for handling 2-propanol –
Flammability: 2 Propanol is highly flammable, so it should be kept away from heat sources and open flames. It should be stored in a cool, well-ventilated area away from direct sunlight.
Toxicity: 2-Propanol can be toxic if ingested or inhaled in large quantities. It can cause dizziness, headache, nausea and even shortness of breath. Therefore, it is important to use it in a well-ventilated area and wear protective gear such as gloves, goggles and a respirator if necessary.
Skin Contact: 2-Propanol can irritate the skin and cause dryness, cracking and dermatitis. It is important to wash your hands thoroughly after handling and avoid prolonged skin contact .
Ingestion: 2 Propanol should never be ingested. It can cause serious harm or even death if ingested, so it should be kept out of reach of children and pets.
Spills: If spills occur, they should be cleaned up immediately using an absorbent material such as sand or kitty litter. Do not use water to clean the vents, as this may spread the liquid and increase the risk of fire.
In summary, 2 propanol may be safe to use if properly handled with the necessary precautions. Always follow product label directions and wear appropriate protective gear to avoid any potential hazards.