Civil engineering: definition, functions, branches and jobs

What is civil engineering?

Civil engineering which is is a professional practice for designing and developing infrastructure projects. This could be on a large scale, such as the development of  transport systems or water supply networks, or on a smaller scale, such as the development of individual roads or buildings.

All aspects of building a building fall under the responsibility of the civil engineer. This can involve planning, designing, budgeting, evaluating, managing and analyzing buildings, and often community engineering activities include a combination of all of these components.

Civil engineering| definition, functions, branches and jobs

The great thing about public engineering in the real world is that the industry is always in line with the needs and aspirations of the community.

In recent years civil engineering has become accustomed to addressing a number of environmental concerns, helping to deal with pollution and water scarcity, while also considering the potential for sustainable energy in the industry.

Civil engineering is undoubtedly the oldest engineering discipline. It speaks of a built-up area and can be designated for the first time for a person to put a roof over his head or to place a trunk crosswise the river to make it easier to cross.

The built environment incorporates much of what defines digital civilization. Buildings and bridges are often the first ideas that come to mind, as they are the most prominent creation of architectural engineering, which is one of the sub-sectors of civil engineering. Roadside, railways, subway systems, and airports are built by transport engineers, another category of civil engineering.

Then there are the slow-moving vehicles of public engineers. Every time you start the water tap, you expect the water will come out, without thinking that the civil engineers have done this. New York City has one of the most impressive water supply systems in the world, receiving billions of gallons of high-quality water from Catskills a hundred miles away. Similarly, not many people seem to worry about what happens to water after it has achieved its goals. The old social engineering field of sanitary engineering has evolved into modern environmental engineering so important that many departments of education have changed their names to civil and environmental engineering.

These examples show that civil engineers are doing more than just design buildings, bridges and various construction projects. They can be found in the aerospace industry, jetliner design work etc. in the automotive industry, to improve the load capacity of the chassis and to improve the crash of bumps and various doors and can be found in the shipbuilding companies, the power industry and many other industries wherever built-in resources are involved.They also plan and direct the construction of these buildings as construction managers rules.

Civil engineering it is a fun activity because at the end of the day you can calculate the results of your work, whether this is a completed bridge or a very high-rise building or a subway station or a hydroelectric dam.

What is a Civil Engineer?

A civil engineer assists in designing and constructing public works infrastructure that includes roads, bridges, canals, dams, airports, sewer systems, plumbing, buildings, and railways.

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What do civil engineers do?

In addition to researching architectural engineering books, today many civil engineers work in offices designing building plans that can withstand changes in our environment including earthquakes and hurricanes. Civil engineering engineers are also often responsible for overseeing the construction of community engineering projects in the sector.

To become a building engineer, you need a four-year degree in civil engineering or a degree in technology related to the ABET certificate (Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology). Social engineering courses cover a wide range of social engineering courses including mechanical engineering, mathematics, mathematics, and geology.

With online engineering programs, you can register and learn more about social engineering today.

Civil Engineering: Terms of Eligibility

If a student plans to do Civil Engineering work he should pursue an undergraduate engineering program (BTech) after graduation where students can choose a career or postgraduate program in the same river. Some colleges also offer a Civil Engineering diploma .

Diploma in Civil Engineering

There are many institutions offering two-year diploma courses in social engineering.


Applicants must pass class X or similar examination and have a minimum of 45% marks each in Science and Mathematics as compulsory subjects. Students must also learn English as one of the compulsory subjects.

BTech Civil Engineering

It is a four-year full-time graduate program divided into 8 semesters.


Applicants must pass a 10 + 2 or similar examination on any recognized district board with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics as compulsory subjects.

The BTech system acceptance process through done by entry tests likes- JEE Main, JEE Advanced, MHCET, KCET and other tests.

MTech in Civil Engineering

It is a full two-year program after graduation.


Students must have a BTech degree with a minimum pass percentage in the integration of all subjects in the degree program.

Admission is done through an entry test such as – GATE score merit list.


Civil engineering| definition, functions, branches and jobs

Social Engineering courses curriculum

In India, the curriculum for Civil Engineering courses may differ from all colleges, institutions and universities. However, the basics of the program remain the same.

According to AICTE, a list of credits from 155 to 170 will be required for a student to qualify for an Under Graduate degree in Engineering. A student will be authorized to get Under Graduate degree with Honours /additional minor Engineering if he/she completes an additional 20 can be achieved through by MOOCs ”.

Here is a summary of the topics you can learn from the Civil Engineering program for all eight semesters. Please note that the syllabus and structure may differ from college to college.

Semester – 1Semester – 2
Mathematics IMathematics II
English for CommunicationProgramming and Data Structure
Basic ElectronicsBasic Electronics
MechanicsEngineering Drawing and Graphics
Engineering Drawing and GraphicsElectrical Technology
Electrical TechnologyIntroduction to Manufacturing Processes
Introduction to Manufacturing 
Semester – 3Semester- 4
Water and Waste Water EngineeringTransportation Engineering
HydraulicsStructural Analysis
Solid MechanicsWater Resources Engineering
Breadth ISurveying I
Mathematics III (Module 1)Surveying II
Semester- 5Semester- 6
Design of RC StructuresDesign of Steel Structures
Soil Mechanics & Foundation EngineeringElective II
Elective IElective III
Breadth (IT)Elective IV
Breadth IIElective V
Project I
Semester- 7Semester – 8
Elective VIBreadth III
IT & CAD ApplicationsBreadth
ElectiveProject III
Project IIComprehensive Viva Voce
Industrial Training/Seminar

Entry requirements 

Social engineering skills are strongly based on mathematics and science, and a high level of expertise in these subjects is required to predict the performance and capabilities of the structures they perform. For this reason, students with strong backgrounds in physics and mathematics who also have an interest in designing functional buildings, from bridges to power systems, are advanced students in social engineering.

Although the entry requirements for those who wish to study building engineering degrees vary from institution to institution, many universities request strong marks in mathematics and science. Due to the special nature of public engineering many subjects are highly selective and competitive which means that high marks (in the United Kingdom,three as A-level) are a common requirement among the all best school.

Key Skills for civil engineering

Typical skills acquired by community engineering degrees include:

Ability to analyze complex data sets, as well as general analytical Skills Completing calculation Technical knowledge Presenting written and spoken findings, according to an acceptable level of education.

Identifying problems and problem-solving project Project management and organizational skills Completion of issues in a variety of Ways Though communication and team performance Budget skills and Costs Recent knowledge of current planning and construction Policies Recognition of modern architecture, environment and city development issues.

Civil Engineers have a lot of specialisations to choose from like:

Civil Engineering Specialisations
Construction EngineeringCoastal and Ocean Engineering
Geotechnical EngineeringFire protection engineering
Structural EngineeringGeneral Engineering
Bridge EngineeringIrrigation Engineering
Land developmentMaterials Engineering
Transportation engineeringUrban Engineering
Hydraulic EngineeringWater resources Engineering
Environmental Engineering 

Jobs in Civil Engineering

According to the United States Bureau of Employment Statistics, the average income for construction engineers in 2016 was over $ 80,000 a year. According to the same report, job opportunities for civil engineers are expected to grow by 11 percent from 2016 to 2026, exceeding the average growth rate for all jobs.

As infrastructure continues to age, public engineers will need to manage construction projects to rebuild, repair, and upgrade bridges, roads, levees, dams, airports, buildings, and buildings of all kinds, making public engineering more and more competitive and competitive. field. One of the most sought after fields today is geotechnical engineering with climate change and weather patterns today.

Search on reveals more than 17,000 search results, more than 12,000 of those earning more than $ 70,000 a year. Construction Engineers are needed in various cities such as New York, NY, Los Angeles, CA, and Austin tx.

Sign up for an online social engineering course today and open up a world of opportunities

Social Engineering: Types of Career and Employment Profiles

Construction Engineers are employed by Construction Firms, Military Development Boards and Municipal Development Boards, etc. They work in public and private companies in all areas of design, construction, road maintenance, highways, bridges, dams, canals, harbors, airports, housing, and environmental management, etc. Construction engineers also work in quality testing laboratories, military and defense services and as coordinators.

Check out some of the career profiles that community engineers get into after graduation.


Job ProfileJob DescriptionAverage Annual Salary
Structural EngineersDesign, plan and direct the construction of infrastructure projects such as buildings, bridges, and more. They also take care of the conversion and extension of existing buildings or structures.The national average salary in India for Structural Engineers is around INR 4-6   lakhs for freshers
Geotechnical EngineersThe main task of Geotechnical engineers is to design projects and find solutions to geological-related problems.The average salary for Geotechnical Engineers is around INR 3-4 Lakhs for freshers
Site EngineersResponsibility for security, safety, health, planning, administration and personnel on site. They are part of the site management team.The average salary for site Engineers  is around INR 2.5-3 Lakhs for freshers
Construction EngineersThe main task includes – planning, directing, and directing major construction projects. They work as a leader and intermediary in construction projects and ensure that everything about the project is safe, smooth and sound in structure.The  average salary for Construction Engineers is around INR 5-6 Lakhs for freshers
Lecturers/ProfessorA civil engineering teacher / professor conveys a subject knowledge that will include teaching students about the nuances of social engineering.The average salary for Lectureres  in Civil Engineering stream is around INR 3.5-4 Lakhs

Some of the companies that hire civil engineering graduates are:

L&TMaytas Infra Ltd
TATA Consulting Engineers LtdLand Transport Authority etc
SchlumbergerJacobs Engineering
Power Grid Corporation of India LtdShapoorji Pallonji
Jacobs EngineeringJones Lang LaSalle

Required Skill for Civil Engineering

Technical skills, Project Management, Communication skills, management skills and Creativity are the fundamental skill sets to become a successful Civil Engineer.if you want to set yourself above in the crowd, here are some unique qualities you must possess:

Leadership SkillsNegotiating Skills
Attention to DetailGood Time Management
Problem Solving SkillsAbility to Visualise
Team PlayerPassion for Learning

Important FAQs on CIvil Engineering

Q. As a civil engineer, how will postgraduate architecture help me get a good job in the Public Sector?

A. Civil engineering holds the highest number of seats in government service exams. People who are well versed in this subject have a better chance of clicking the exams and being recognized in senior positions.

Q. I only got 55% in my BE course but got very good marks in GATE (civil engineering), how will it help me?

A. You can continue to pursue MTech degrees in IITs or NITs. These institutions have different selection criteria and some of them also consider lower graduation points.

As for PSUs, there is very little space for public engineers. Calls for interviews are based solely on the GATE candidate level. Some PSUs also run their own separate tests after the interview. They also tested the BE combination of candidates.

Q. What other journals publish the latest research in civil engineering?

A. The following is a list of a few international journals related to civil engineering:

International Journal of Civil Engineering

Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture-David Publishing Company

Civil Engineering and Civil Engineering

International Journal of Civil and Civil Engineering Research

A page at

Q. I am a second year civil engineering student. Where should I go for training? Is it necessary to go to training?

A. The need for training depends on plans for the type of job you want to choose in the future. It can be very helpful in the field ministry. Civil engineering can be fully studied in the field by observing how things work. In consultation work with design facilities, training in the field will also be very helpful. You should go for training.

Q. As a future engineer, what language might be helpful to me?

A. You go to the nation you go to after graduation. The language of the country to which you will be sent will help you to do internships and get project jobs.

Q. What are the leading internship pursuit companies in India?

A. The choice of internship company depends largely on the field you want to join after completing your studies. The following is a list of the top companies in various fields related to civil engineering:

Civil Engineering / Geo-technical Engineering:

Indian Railways

Department of Public Works

Real Estate Companies

Transportation Engineering:

National Highway Authority of India

Department of Public Works

India Airport Authority

Environmental Engineering:

Department of Public Health

Municipal committee of any city

Building Materials:

H&R Johnson Tiles

Township Engineers / Real Estate Engineers

Q. What should I choose after graduating from public engineering, after graduation or a career?

A. Owners of community engineering degrees can attend a variety of pre-study courses in Drafting and Design, Structural Design and Examination. They can also go looking for work in this field. Whichever candidates choose a career or higher education depends on their interests. However, career options are better after postgraduate degrees.

Q. What will building engineers do?

A. Construction engineers, direct, conduct, construct and design projects in the public and private sectors. They also undertake projects that include roads, airports, tunnels, dams, bridges, and water supply and sanitation systems.

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Faisal Ahmed

Hey! I'm Faisal Ahmed, the author of Tips Degree. I have a strong desire to educate people about education, science and technology, finance, and other trending topics through my content that's easy to understand. These contents created by me have helped many trainees around the world grow their careers. In my spare time, I love to swim and watch movies. I'm available on social media sites like Facebook, Pinterest, Medium, Flickr, etc.

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