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Voice Change in English, Active & Passive Voice , Definition, Examples, Rules in english grammarly online
In grammarly online, Would you like to read the key to voice change the active and idle word of the English grammar? Changing words in English from active to active voice or passive voice to active is an important part of sentence conversion.
Here, I will show you a simple process of translating a word with examples and explanations. So, let’s start our conversation and you will be able to change the words as soon as you read This Lesson.
There are many good grammar books where word to word rules have been discussed and I personally have gone through a lot of rules here and there. There is nothing wrong with that. But following too many rules may confuse a student and make the subject difficult to understand. So, I came up with the main structure and you can call it ‘word conversion theory’.
First of all, I want to give you a basic idea of an effective and efficient voice in the English language. But make sure you have a clear idea of the person and times of the English grammar. Without proper knowledge and clear understanding of these basic grammar lessons, you will not be able to change the words correctly.
What is Active Voice in English Grammarly online ?
If the sentence or action is in the Working Word, the subject or character of the title is given extra emphasis. It means that the subject is active while his or her action is idle. Usually, when a sentence is in the active voice, it starts with the head.
Examples of Active Voice:
The lion roared. (Here the lion is most prominent in the sentence.)
Chef prepares food (Chef is given emphasis.)
Greenhouse gases cause global warming. (Here Greenhouse is the theme and is emphasized.)
What is a Passive Voice in english grammar ?
When a sentence is in a verb, the object of the action or the object of the action or the recipient of the action is strongly emphasized.
It means that the doer of the action is performed and the object of the action or action of the subject or recipient of the action is active. Usually, when a sentence is in the action word it starts with an object, action, or recipient.
Examples of Passive Voice:
The lion roared. (Here the lion’s roar is the main subject of a sentence.)
The food was cooked by a cook. (Food works while the chef is quiet)
Global warming is caused by greenhouse gases. (Here is an additional emphasis on Global Warming)
Common Rules to Identify the Voice of any Sentence
Structure of the Sentence:
When the sentence is in active voice, the structure of the sentence is Doer/ Actor+Verb+Object/ Action/Receiver etc.
Example: Rajon bought a car.
Object- a car.
When the sentence is in passive voice, the structure of the sentence is Object/ Action/Receiver+Verb+Doer/ Actor
Object- a car.
Active and Passive Rules for All types of Tenses…Here, we are listing out the Active and Passive Voice Rules for all types of tenses. You will come to know how an auxiliary verb is used to change a sentence from Active to Passive Voice or passive to active voice.
Active and Passive Voice Rules for Present indefinite /simple Tense
Here in this table below , we are discussing elaborately Rules of Active and Passive Voice with examples for Present Simple tense.
(Auxiliary Verb – is/am/are)
Subject + V1+s/es+ obj.
Object+ is/am/are+ V3+ by + subj.
Subj. + Do/does+ not + V1 + Object
Object + is/am/are+ not + V3+ by Subj.
Does+ Subj. + V1+Object+?
Is/am/are + Object+ V3+ by subj +?Active and Passive Voice Example with Answers of Present Simple Tense is below..
Active and Passive Voice Rules for Present Continuous Tense are given below
we will explain the Rules of Active and Passive Voice with examples for Present Continuous tense is given below .
(Auxiliary Verb- is/am/are + being)
Subject + is/am/are+ v1+ ing + obj
Object+ is/am/are+ being+ V3+ by + subj
Subject + is/am/are+ not+ v1+ ing+ obj
Object + is/am/are+ not + being+V3+ by Subj
Is/am/are+ subj. +v1+ing + object+?
Is/am/are + Object+ V3+ by subj. +
Active and Passive Voice Exercises of Present Continuous Tense
Active: Esham issinging a song.
Passive: A song is being sung by Esham.
Active: Kartika is not chopping vegetables.
Passive: Vegetables are not being chopped by Kartika .
Active: Is rita buying a table?
Passive: Is a table being bought by Rita?
Active: They are giving poor people.
Passive: Poor people are being gived by them.
Active: She is disturbing Dinesha.
Passive: Dinesha is being disturbed by her.
Active and Passive Voice Rules for Present Perfect Tense is given below
You can understand passive voice for present perfect tense from the list which are given below by us.
(Auxiliary Verb- has/have +been)
Subject + has/have+ v3+ obj
Object+ has/have+ been+ V3+ by + subj
Subject + has/have+ not+ v3+ obj
Object + has/have+ not + been+V3+ by Subj.
Has/have+ subj+ v3 + object+?
Has/Have + Obj + been+V3+ by subject +?
Active and Passive Voice Example with Answers of Present Perfect Tense is given below..
Active: siam has challenged her.
Passive: She has been challenged by siam.
Active: Mahia has not written an article.
Passive: An article has not been written by mahia.
Active: Have they left the flat?
Passive: Has flat been left by them?
Active: She has created this apartment .
Passive: This apartment has been created by her.
Active: I have read the paper.
Passive: The paper has been read by me.
Active and Passive Voice Rules for Past indefinite Tense
Here in the below table, you can find Active and Passive Voice Rules for past indefinite tense.
(Auxiliary Verb- was/were)
Subject + V2+ obj
Object+ was/were V3+ by + subj
Subject +did+ not+v1+ obj
Obj + was/were+ not +V3+ by Subj
Did+ subj+V1+ object+?
Was/were + Object+ V3+ by subj +?
Active and Passive Voice Exercises of Past indefinite Tense
Active: Rima cleaned the floor.
Passive: The floor was cleaned by Rima.
Active: Rupa bought a bicycle.
Passive: A bicycle was bought by Rupa.
Active: Noman called my friends.
Passive: My friends were called by Noman.
Active: I saved her .
Passive: She was saved by me.
Active: Maya paid the bills.
Passive: The bills were paid by Maya.
Active and Passive Voice Rules for Past Continuous Tense is given below
We can convert sentences from Active to Passive Voice according to given rules below.
(Auxiliary Verb- was/were + being)
Subject + was/were + v1+ing+ obj.
Obj+ was/were +being+V3+ by + subject
Subject +was/were+ not+v1+ing + obj
Obj + was/were+ not +being+V3+ by Subject
Was/were+ Subject + V1+ing + obj+?
Was/were + Obj+ being+v3+ by+ subject+?
Active and Passive Examples with Answers of Past Continuous Tense is given below
Active: Nipa was painting the wall.
Passive: The wall was being painted by Nipa.
Active: Manisha was repairing the car.
Passive: The car was being repaired by Manisha.
Active: Were you reciting the story?
Passive: Was the story being recited?
Active: She was baking the pizza .
Passive: The pizza was being baked by her.
Active: She was monitoring me.
Passive: I was being monitored by her.
Active and Passive Rules for Past Perfect Tense is given below
There are certain Active and Passive Voice Rules for Past perfect tense, with these only you can easily convert any sentence in Passive Voice.
(Auxiliary Verb- had +been)
Subject + had + v3+ obj.
Obj+ had+been +V3+ by + subject
Subject +had+ not+v3+ obj
Obj + had+ not +been+V3+ by Subject
Had+ Subject + V3+ obj+?
Had + Obj+ been+v3+ by+ subject+?
Passive and active Voice Exercises of Past Perfect Tense is given below
Active: Maisha had cleaned the floor.
Passive: The floor had been cleaned by Maisha.
Active: Viki had not received the parcel.
Passive: The parcel had not been received by Viki.
Active: Michael had solved the doubt.
Passive: The doubt had been solved.
Active: Had they caught the robber?
Passive: Had the robber been caught by them?
Active: I had paid forty thousand.
Passive: Forty thousand had been paid by me.
Active and Passive Rules for Future indefinite Tense
You can learn Active Voice and Passive Voice Rules chart for future indefinite tense.
(Auxiliary Verb- will+ be)
Subject + will+ v1+ obj.
Obj+ will+ be +V3+ by + subject
Subject +will + not+ V1+obj
Object + will+ not +be+V3+ by Subj
Will+ Subject + V1+ obj+?
Will + Obj+ be +v3+ by+ subject+?
We can better understand Rules of Active and Passive Voice with examples for future indefinite tense.
Active and Passive Voice Examples with Answers of Future indefinite Tense is given below
Active: Keya will sew the bag.
Passive: The bag will be sewed by Keya.
Active: Dishan will not arrange the things.
Passive: The things will not be arranged by Dishan.
Active: Will you clean the floor?
Passive: Will the floor be cleaned by you?
Active: They will type the letter.
Passive: The letter will be typed .
Active: Rina will save money.
Passive: Money will be saved by Rina.
Active and Passive Voice Rules for Future Perfect Tense is given below
Here, we are discussing the Active Voice and Passive Voice Rules chart for future perfect tense.
Subject + will+ have +v3+ obj.
Object+ will+ have+ been +V3+ by + subj
Subj+ will+ have +not+v3+ obj.
Obj+ will+ have +not+been+v3+ subj
Will+ Subj+have+v3+ obj+?
Will + obj+have+been+v3+by +subj+?
Active and Passive Voice Exercises of Future Perfect Tense is given below
Active: They will have brought the ball.
Passive: The ball will have been brought by them.
Active: Niaz will not have changed the table cover.
Passive: The table cover will not have been changed by Niaz.
Active: Will she have written the stories.
Passive: Will the stories have been written by her?
Active: They will have won the game.
Passive: The game will have been won by them.
Active: Vijan will have washed a Tshirt.
Passive: A Tshirt will have been washed by Vijan.
There is no Passive Voice formation for these tenses-
1.) Present Perfect Continuous
2.) Past Perfect Continuous
3.) Future Perfect Continuous
4.) Future Continuous.
So, now we must have all the knowledge to make changes in the sentence with Active and Passive Voice Rules for all occasions. A set of exercises and examples of Active and Passive Voice will help you clear the basics and pass the competition successfully.
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